Wheel Chasers

Master the Art of Flat Towing: Essential Tips for Towing a Jeep Wrangler Safely

Understanding Flat Towing and its Benefits

In recent years, flat towing has become increasingly popular among car enthusiasts who like to tow their vehicles behind their recreational vehicles (RVs). But what exactly is flat towing, and why do people choose this method of towing?

In this article, we will explore the basics of flat towing, the benefits it offers, and how to prepare a Jeep Wrangler for flat towing. What is Flat Towing?

Flat towing, also known as dinghy towing, is a method of towing a vehicle with all four wheels on the ground instead of using a trailer. This type of towing is popular among RV owners who want to bring their cars or trucks with them while on vacation or traveling.

A key feature of flat towing is the use of a tow bar, which connects the towed vehicle to the RV. The tow bar securely attaches to the frame of the tow vehicle and the RV, allowing for safe and easy towing.

Benefits of Flat Towing

There are several benefits to flat towing over other methods of towing, such as using a trailer. One of the main advantages of flat towing is its ease of use.

With a tow bar and the right equipment, flat towing can be done quickly and hassle-free. Another significant advantage of flat towing is its cost-effectiveness.

Trailers can be costly to purchase or rent, and they also require extra space for storage or transport. Flat towing, on the other hand, does not require any extra equipment or storage space.

Finally, flat towing offers greater flexibility when traveling. With flat towing, you can easily park your RV and use your towed vehicle to explore the local area without having to unhitch a trailer.

Preparing a Jeep Wrangler for Flat Towing

If you own a Jeep Wrangler and want to flat tow it behind your RV, you will need to take some necessary steps to ensure that your vehicle is ready for towing. Here is a step-by-step guide to help you prepare your Jeep Wrangler for flat towing:

Step 1: Check the Owners Manual

Before flat towing your Jeep Wrangler, it is essential to check the owners manual to make sure that your vehicle is suitable for flat towing.

Some models of Jeep Wranglers are not designed for flat towing, and towing them in this manner can cause significant damage to the vehicle. Step 2: Install a Base Plate

One of the first things you will need to do when preparing your Jeep Wrangler for flat towing is to install a base plate.

This is a custom-made bracket that is attached to the frame of your vehicle and provides a secure attachment point for the tow bar. Step 3: Install a Tow Bar

The next step is to install a tow bar.

The type of tow bar you choose will depend on the weight of your Jeep Wrangler and your towing needs. Some of the most popular types of tow bars include A-frame tow bars, self-aligning tow bars, and telescoping tow bars.

Step 4: Connect the Braking System

To ensure safe and efficient towing, it is essential to have a braking system that works in sync with your Jeep Wranglers brakes. There are several types of braking systems available, including surge brake systems, electric brake systems, and hydraulic brake systems.

Step 5: Connect the Lights

Finally, you will need to connect the lights on your Jeep Wrangler to the RV using a wiring harness. This will ensure that your Jeeps brake lights, turn signals, and taillights are all working correctly while you are towing.

Conclusion

Flat towing is an excellent option for those who want to bring their Jeep Wrangler with them while traveling in an RV. By following the steps outlined in this article and taking the necessary precautions, you can flat tow your Jeep Wrangler safely and efficiently, and enjoy all the benefits of this towing method.

Types of Towing Devices for a Jeep Wrangler

If you own a Jeep Wrangler and want to tow it, there are several types of towing devices available to choose from. Each type of device has its own set of benefits and drawbacks, so it is essential to know what options are available to you.

In this article, we will explore some of the most popular types of towing devices for the Jeep Wrangler. 1.

Tow Bars

A tow bar is a popular type of towing device that is used to connect two vehicles together. It is a simple metal bar that attaches to the towing vehicle’s trailer hitch and to the front of the vehicle being towed.

The benefit of a tow bar is that it is easy to install and does not take up a lot of storage space. Tow bars come in different models, such as self-aligning tow bars and telescoping tow bars, depending on your towing needs.

2. Tow Dollies

A tow dolly is a small trailer that holds the front wheels of the vehicle being towed.

This type of device is particularly useful when towing a rear-wheel-drive vehicle. The benefits of a tow dolly are that it takes the weight off the vehicle’s transmission and allows the vehicle’s wheels to turn freely.

The tow dolly is only suitable for light vehicles and is not suitable for heavy or large vehicles. 3.

Trailers

Trailers are a popular type of towing device, particularly for those who want to transport larger or heavier vehicles. A trailer can be hooked up to a vehicle’s trailer hitch, and the vehicle being towed is loaded onto the trailer.

The benefit of a trailer is that it offers a safe and secure method of towing, and it is suitable for large vehicles. 4.

Flatbeds

A flatbed is a specialized type of trailer that is designed to transport vehicles. The benefit of a flatbed is that it is a safe and secure method of towing, and the vehicle being towed is entirely off the ground.

This means that there is less risk of damage to the vehicle being towed and less strain on its suspension system.

Safety Guidelines for Flat Towing a Jeep Wrangler

When flat towing a Jeep Wrangler, there are several safety guidelines you should follow to ensure that the process goes smoothly. Here are some tips to keep in mind when flat towing your Jeep Wrangler:

1.

Follow the Owner’s Manual

Before flat towing your Jeep Wrangler, always refer to the owner’s manual to check that your vehicle is suitable for flat towing. You should also check the weight limits, the recommended speed limits, and any other towing-related information.

2. Use Appropriate Towing Devices

Make sure that you use the correct towing devices for flat towing, such as a base plate, a tow bar, and a braking system.

Using the wrong towing devices can cause significant damage to your vehicle or lead to accidents. 3.

Check Your Vehicle’s Brakes

It is essential to make sure that your Jeep Wrangler’s braking system is in good condition before flat towing. This includes checking the brake pads, brake lines, and brake fluid levels.

It is also advisable to use a supplemental braking system that works in sync with your Jeep’s brakes. 4.

Use Proper Lighting Equipment

When flat towing your Jeep Wrangler, make sure that all your lights, including turn signals, brake lights, and taillights, are working correctly. You should also use a wiring harness to connect your vehicle’s lights to the RV.

5. Observe Weight Limits

Make sure that you do not exceed the weight limits for your Jeep Wrangler, including the weight limits for the towing devices you are using and any cargo you may be carrying.

Exceeding weight limits can place undue stress on your vehicle and reduce its fuel efficiency.

Conclusion

If you own a Jeep Wrangler and plan to tow it, there are several types of towing devices available to choose from. It is essential to choose the right towing device for your needs and to follow safety guidelines to ensure a smooth and secure towing experience.

By doing so, you can enjoy all the benefits of flat towing without risking damage to your vehicle or others on the road. How Fast can you Flat Tow a Jeep Wrangler?

When flat towing a Jeep Wrangler, it is crucial to observe the speed limits recommended by the manufacturer. Exceeding the recommended speed limits can damage your vehicle and create dangerous situations on the road.

So how fast can you flat tow a Jeep Wrangler? In this article, we will explore the recommended speed limits and other safety considerations when flat towing a Jeep Wrangler.

According to the Jeep Wrangler owner’s manual, the recommended maximum towing speed for a Wrangler is 65 mph. This speed limit is in place to protect your vehicle from unnecessary strain and to prevent unsafe driving conditions.

It is also important to note that the maximum towing speed may be lower in certain conditions, such as high winds or severe weather. Exceeding the recommended speed limit can cause significant damage to your vehicle, including overheating of the transmission, wear and tear on the brakes, and damage to the suspension system.

Additionally, driving at high speeds while flat towing can create instability and sway, making it difficult to control your vehicle. This can lead to accidents or dangerous driving conditions on the road.

To ensure that you are within the recommended speed limits when flat towing your Jeep Wrangler, it is essential to use a quality braking system that works in sync with your vehicle’s brakes. This will help you to slow down and stop your vehicle safely and efficiently, even at high speeds.

What’s the Minimum Towing Weight for a Jeep Wrangler? The Jeep Wrangler is a popular vehicle for towing, but it is essential to know the recommended minimum towing weight for your particular model.

Towing weights can vary depending on the type of Wrangler you own, so it is important to check your owner’s manual to get the most accurate information. Generally speaking, the minimum towing weight for a Jeep Wrangler is around 2,000 pounds.

This weight limit applies to the two-door models of the Wrangler. However, the towing capacity can vary depending on the specific model and options you have, so it is important to consult your owner’s manual for the most accurate information.

It is also important to note that exceeding the recommended towing weight can cause significant damage to your vehicle, including overheating of the transmission, excessive wear and tear on the brakes, and damage to the suspension system. Additionally, towing a load that is too heavy for your vehicle can create instability and sway, making it difficult to control your vehicle.

This can lead to accidents or dangerous driving conditions on the road. When towing a load that is close to or at the recommended minimum weight limit, it is important to use the proper towing devices, such as a base plate, a tow bar, and a braking system.

These devices will help to distribute the weight of your load evenly and allow you to slow down and stop your vehicle safely and efficiently.

Conclusion

When flat towing a Jeep Wrangler, it is essential to observe the recommended speed limits and towing weight limits. Exceeding these limits can cause significant damage to your vehicle and create dangerous driving conditions on the road.

By following the manufacturer’s recommendations and using the proper towing devices, you can safely and efficiently tow your Jeep Wrangler and enjoy all the benefits of this popular method of transportation.

Symptoms of Possible Flat Towing Issues with a Jeep Wrangler

While flat towing a Jeep Wrangler can provide a convenient way to transport your vehicle, it is essential to be aware of potential issues that may arise during the towing process. Recognizing the symptoms of these issues can help you address them promptly and ensure a safe towing experience.

In this article, we will explore some of the common symptoms of possible flat towing issues with a Jeep Wrangler. 1.

Excessive Vibration and Shaking: If you notice excessive vibration or shaking while towing your Jeep Wrangler, it could indicate an issue with the tow bar or the connections between the towing vehicle and the Jeep. Check for loose or damaged components and ensure that all connections are secure.

Additionally, make sure that the towing vehicle and the Jeep are properly aligned. 2.

Uneven Tire Wear: Uneven tire wear is a common symptom of imbalanced weight distribution or misaligned wheels. When flat towing, it is important to ensure that the weight is evenly distributed between the towing vehicle and the Jeep.

Inspect the tires regularly for signs of uneven wear, such as excessive tread wear on one side or in the center. If you notice uneven wear, consider having your wheels aligned and rebalanced.

3. Overheating Transmission: Overheating of the transmission can occur when towing a heavy load or driving at high speeds.

This can lead to transmission damage, which affects the overall performance and longevity of your Jeep Wrangler. If you notice that the transmission temperature is consistently increasing while flat towing, it is important to take a break, allow the transmission to cool down, and consider using a transmission cooler or upgrading to a heavier-duty transmission if needed.

4. Difficulty in Steering and Braking: If you experience difficulty in steering or braking while flat towing, it could be a sign of an issue with the braking system or improperly set up tow bar.

Check the brake system and ensure that it is properly connected, adjusted, and functional. The tow bar should be set up to allow for smooth and responsive steering without any binding or restrictions.

5. Swaying and Instability: Excessive swaying or instability while flat towing can be dangerous and indicates an issue with weight distribution, tire pressure, or suspension components.

Ensure that the weight is evenly distributed between the towing vehicle and the Jeep. Check the tire pressure regularly and adjust as necessary.

If the issue persists, consider having the suspension system inspected and potentially upgraded to handle the load more effectively. Tips for Maintaining Your Jeep Wrangler’s Towing Equipment

Proper maintenance of your Jeep Wrangler’s towing equipment is crucial to ensure a safe and trouble-free towing experience.

By following some simple tips, you can keep your towing equipment in top condition and minimize the risk of breakdowns or accidents. Here are some essential tips for maintaining your Jeep Wrangler’s towing equipment:

1.

Regular Inspection: Regularly inspect your towing equipment, including the tow bar, base plate, braking system, and wiring harness. Look for any signs of wear and tear, such as rust, loose bolts, or frayed cables.

Address any issues promptly to prevent further damage or failure during towing. 2.

Lubrication: To keep your tow bar functioning smoothly, regularly lubricate the moving parts as recommended by the manufacturer. This will help reduce friction and wear, ensuring that the tow bar operates efficiently.

Be sure to use a lubricant appropriate for your specific tow bar type. 3.

Cleanliness: Keep your towing equipment clean and free of debris, dirt, and grime. Regularly wash the tow bar, base plate, and other components to remove any accumulated dirt that could affect their performance.

This will help prevent corrosion and maintain optimal functionality. 4.

Check Wiring Connections: Ensure that the wiring connections between your Jeep Wrangler and the towing vehicle are secure and free from corrosion. Regularly inspect the wiring harness for any signs of damage or loose connections.

Address any issues promptly to ensure proper functioning of the lights and signals. 5.

Proper Storage: When not in use, properly store your towing equipment to protect it from the elements. This will help prolong its lifespan and maintain its performance.

Consider using covers or designated storage areas to keep the equipment clean and protected. 6.

Consult the Manufacturer’s Guidelines: Always refer to the manufacturer’s guidelines for specific maintenance requirements for your towing equipment. Different manufacturers may have different recommendations, so it is important to follow the instructions provided to ensure the best care for your specific equipment.

Conclusion

By understanding the symptoms of possible flat towing issues with a Jeep Wrangler and keeping your towing equipment well-maintained, you can enjoy a safe and hassle-free towing experience. Regular inspection, lubrication, cleanliness, checking wiring connections, and proper storage are key to ensuring the longevity and optimal performance of your Jeep Wrangler’s towing equipment.

With these tips in mind, you can hit the road confidently, knowing that your towing setup is in good shape.

Expert Advice on the Best Way to Flat Tow a Jeep Wrangler

When it comes to flat towing a Jeep Wrangler, following expert advice can make a significant difference in ensuring a safe and smooth towing experience. Experts provide valuable insights and recommendations based on their experience and knowledge of towing vehicles.

In this article, we will explore expert advice on the best way to flat tow a Jeep Wrangler. 1.

Know Your Jeep Wrangler: Before you start flat towing your Jeep Wrangler, familiarize yourself with its specific towing guidelines. Refer to the owner’s manual to understand any limitations or requirements for flat towing your particular model.

Knowing your Jeep Wrangler and its towing capabilities will help you make informed decisions and ensure safety on the road. 2.

Invest in Quality Towing Equipment: Experts emphasize the importance of investing in high-quality towing equipment. This includes a robust tow bar, a well-fitted base plate, and a reliable braking system.

High-quality towing equipment is essential to ensure the stability and safety of your Jeep Wrangler while being towed. Consult with experts or reputable manufacturers to select equipment that is specifically designed for flat towing a Jeep Wrangler.

3. Maintain Proper Weight Distribution: Maintaining proper weight distribution is crucial for safe and balanced towing.

Experts recommend loading cargo evenly between the towing vehicle and the Jeep Wrangler. Ensure that the weight on the tow bar is distributed evenly to prevent excessive strain on either vehicle.

Improper weight distribution can lead to swaying, instability, and poor steering control. 4.

Use Supplemental Braking Systems: Experts strongly recommend using supplemental braking systems when flat towing a Jeep Wrangler. Supplemental braking systems ensure that your towed vehicle has its braking power and reduces the strain on the towing vehicle’s brakes.

There are various types of supplemental braking systems available, such as surge brakes, electric brakes, or hydraulic brakes. Consult with experts to determine the most suitable braking system for your specific towing setup.

5. Practice Safe Driving Techniques: It is essential to practice safe driving techniques while flat towing a Jeep Wrangler.

Experts advise maintaining a safe distance from other vehicles, avoiding sudden lane changes or harsh braking, and driving at moderate speeds. Consistently monitor your surroundings and remain attentive to anticipate and respond to any potential hazards or changes on the road.

Proper Tire Inflation and Its Importance for Towing a Jeep Wrangler

Ensuring proper tire inflation is critical not only for regular driving but also for towing a Jeep Wrangler. Properly inflated tires contribute to the overall safety, stability, and efficiency of your towed vehicle.

In this section, we will explore the importance of proper tire inflation and provide recommendations for maintaining optimal tire pressure while towing a Jeep Wrangler. 1.

Load-Related Considerations: When flat towing a Jeep Wrangler, the weight distribution and the added load on the vehicle affect tire pressure. Experts recommend consulting the owner’s manual or contacting the manufacturer to determine the recommended tire pressure while towing.

The manual may provide specific guidelines for towing situations that differ from regular driving. 2.

Maintain Recommended Tire Pressure: It is crucial to maintain the recommended tire pressure as per the manufacturer’s guidelines. Properly inflated tires provide optimal contact between the tire and the road surface, ensuring stability and appropriate handling.

Improper tire pressure can lead to excessive tire wear, compromised traction, decreased fuel efficiency, and an increased risk of blowouts. 3.

Regular Tire Inspections: Experts advise regularly inspecting the tires of your Jeep Wrangler, both before and after towing trips. Look for signs of wear, damage, or any anomalies in tire pressure.

Check for proper tread depth and ensure that there are no bulges, cuts, or punctures that could compromise the tire’s integrity. If you notice any irregularities, consult with a tire professional to evaluate and resolve the issue promptly.

4. Temperature-Related Adjustments: Tire pressure can fluctuate with changes in ambient temperature.

Experts recommend adjusting tire pressure accordingly. As temperatures drop, tire pressure tends to decrease, while warmer temperatures can cause an increase in tire pressure.

Regularly monitor and adjust tire pressure based on the temperature variations to maintain optimal levels. 5.

Use a Reliable Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS): A TPMS can provide real-time information about your tire pressure, allowing you to promptly address any deviations from the recommended levels. Consider investing in a reliable TPMS to monitor tire pressure while towing your Jeep Wrangler.

A TPMS helps prevent potential issues by providing early warnings about underinflation or overinflation.

Conclusion

Following expert advice when flat towing a Jeep Wrangler is crucial to ensure a safe and successful towing experience. Experts recommend knowing your Jeep Wrangler’s specific guidelines, investing in high-quality towing equipment, maintaining proper weight distribution, using supplemental braking systems, and practicing safe driving techniques.

Additionally, maintaining proper tire inflation is vital for towing a Jeep Wrangler. By regularly inspecting tire pressure, following load-related considerations, and using a TPMS, you can ensure that your tires are properly inflated and minimize the risk of tire-related issues while towing.

By implementing these expert recommendations, you can confidently enjoy the convenience and benefits of flat towing with your Jeep Wrangler.

How to Safely Turn while Flat Towing a Jeep Wrangler

When flat towing a Jeep Wrangler, safe turning techniques are crucial to ensure proper handling, stability, and minimize the risk of accidents. Turning while flat towing requires some adjustments and considerations compared to regular driving.

In this section, we will explore how to safely turn while flat towing a Jeep Wrangler. 1.

Wide Turns: As you approach a turn, remember that flat towing increases your overall length and affects your turning radius. Experts recommend taking wide turns to allow ample space for your Jeep Wrangler and towing vehicle to safely clear the corner.

By taking wider turns, you reduce the risk of the towed vehicle hitting curbs, signs, or other objects. 2.

Signal in Advance: Always signal your intentions well in advance when turning while flat towing. This provides other drivers with ample time to anticipate your actions and adjust their driving accordingly.

Using turn signals allows for better communication on the road and promotes overall safety. 3.

Slow Down Gradually: While approaching a turn, gradually reduce your speed to negotiate the turn safely. Abrupt braking can cause instability and strain on the towed vehicle.

Applying even braking pressure and slowing down gradually allows for controlled and smooth turns. Maintain a reasonable speed that is suitable for the road conditions and the weight you are towing.

4. Avoid Sharp Turns: Experts advise avoiding sharp turns as much as possible when flat towing a Jeep Wrangler.

Sharp turns can put excessive strain on the towing equipment and lead to instability. If you need to navigate a particularly tight turn, consider finding an alternative route or making a three-point turn to avoid excessive stress on the towing setup.

5. Be Mindful of Obstacles: One key aspect of turning while flat towing is being aware of any potential obstacles or hazards.

Be mindful of curbs, medians, poles, and other objects that could come into contact with the towed vehicle during the turn. Maintain a safe distance from these objects to prevent damage to your Jeep Wrangler or the towing equipment.

How to Back Up a Jeep Wrangler While Flat Towing

Backing up a Jeep Wrangler while flat towing requires careful maneuvering and attention to safety precautions. While it is generally recommended to avoid backing up altogether when flat towing, certain situations may necessitate it.

In this section, we will explore how to back up a Jeep Wrangler safely while flat towing. 1.

Assess the Situation: Before attempting to back up, assess the situation to determine if there are any alternate routes available. If possible, try to find a way to turn around or proceed forward instead of backing up.

If backing up is unavoidable, ensure that the area is clear and that you have enough space to safely perform the maneuver. 2.

Unhook the Towed Vehicle: In some cases, it may be necessary to temporarily unhook the towed vehicle from the towing vehicle to facilitate backing up. Before doing so, ensure that you are in a safe location and that both vehicles are securely parked.

Use proper safety precautions, such as blocking the wheels and engaging the parking brakes, to prevent any movement while unhooking. 3.

Enlist a Spotter: Having a spotter to guide you while backing up can significantly enhance safety and make the maneuver easier. Choose someone who is familiar with flat towing and understands the specific challenges involved.

The spotter should stand outside the towing vehicle and provide clear and concise instructions to help you navigate the back-up process smoothly. 4.

Take Small, Careful Movements: When backing up, make small, incremental movements to gauge the clearance and adjust as necessary. Use gentle steering inputs and avoid sudden jerks or sharp turns.

Remember that reversing with a towed vehicle can be more challenging than backing up a single vehicle, so proceed with caution. 5.

Practice and Patience: Backing up while flat towing may require practice to become comfortable with the maneuver. Take your time, be patient, and proceed slowly.

It is better to take a few extra moments to ensure safety rather than rushing and risking damage to your vehicles or creating a hazardous situation.

Conclusion

Safely turning and backing up while flat towing a Jeep Wrangler requires adjustments and careful attention to safety precautions. When turning, take wide turns, signal in advance, slow down gradually, and avoid sharp turns.

Be mindful of obstacles and maintain a reasonable speed suitable for the towing conditions. When backing up, assess the situation and explore alternative routes whenever possible.

If backing up is necessary, unhook the towed vehicle if appropriate, enlist a spotter, take small movements, and practice patience. By following these guidelines, you can navigate turns and backing-up situations safely and effectively while flat towing your Jeep Wrangler.

Differences Between Flat Towing and Trailer-Towing a Jeep Wrangler

When it comes to towing a Jeep Wrangler, there are two primary methods: flat towing and trailer-towing. Each method has its advantages and considerations, and understanding the differences between them can help you choose the right towing method for your specific needs.

In this section, we will explore the differences between flat towing and trailer-towing a Jeep Wrangler. 1.

Equipment Required: One significant difference between flat towing and trailer-towing is the equipment required. Flat towing typically requires a tow bar, base plate, braking system, and wiring harness.

These components allow for a direct connection between the towing vehicle and the Jeep Wrangler, allowing all four wheels to remain on the ground. On the other hand, trailer-towing requires a trailer capable of accommodating the weight and size of the Jeep Wrangler.

This includes a trailer hitch, safety chains, trailer brakes, and appropriate lighting connections. 2.

Ease of Setup: Flat towing generally requires less setup time compared to trailer-towing. With a tow bar and base plate properly installed on the Jeep Wrangler, it can be quickly connected to the towing vehicle.

On the other hand, trailer-towing involves loading the Jeep Wrangler onto the trailer, securing it in place, and making sure all the safety components are correctly attached. This process can be more time-consuming, especially if you are not familiar with trailer setups.

3. Maneuverability: One advantage of flat towing is the increased maneuverability compared to trailer-towing.

With flat towing, the Jeep Wrangler can be easily maneuvered into tight parking spaces or navigated through narrow roads. This can be particularly advantageous during road trips or camping adventures where you may desire to explore smaller or more remote areas.

With trailer-towing, maneuverability can be more challenging due to the added length and width of the trailer. 4.

Storage and Accessibility: Another difference between flat towing and trailer-towing is the storage and accessibility of the Jeep Wrangler. When flat towing, the Jeep Wrangler remains accessible, and you can use it to explore the local area even when the towing vehicle is parked.

This offers greater flexibility and convenience at your destination. With trailer-towing, the Jeep Wrangler is stored on the trailer, and you would need to unhitch the trailer to use the vehicle independently.

5. Vehicle Compatibility: When considering which method of towing to use, it is important to check the towing compatibility of your specific vehicle.

Some vehicles may not be suitable for flat towing, as flat towing requires specific setups and design considerations. It is crucial to consult the owner’s manual or contact the manufacturer to understand the towing capabilities of your vehicle.

The Best Vehicles to Use for Towing a Jeep Wrangler

When it comes to selecting a towing vehicle for a Jeep Wrangler, there are several factors to consider, such as weight capacity, transmission type, and towing stability. Choosing the right towing vehicle is essential to ensure safe and efficient towing.

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