Wheel Chasers

From the Windy City to the Big Apple: Exploring History and Flavors Along the Chicago to New York Route

Chicago to New York:

A Journey Through History and Cuisine

The Chicago to New York driving route is one of the most popular travel routes in the United States. It spans a distance of over 790 miles and will take you through some of the most scenic landscapes in the country.

This route is a journey through history, taking you through the heartland of America and showcasing its amazing cuisine. In this article, we will explore the history of the Chicago to New York driving route, as well as the best places to stop for food along the way.

A Journey Through History

The Chicago to New York driving route has been an important roadway since the early 20th century. In the 1920s, it was known as the Lincoln Highway, which stretched from New York City to San Francisco.

The Lincoln Highway was the first road to cross the entire United States and was instrumental in promoting tourism and commerce. Throughout the years, the route has undergone several changes and improvements.

Today, most of the route follows the path of Interstate 80, which was completed in the 1960s. The interstate runs parallel to the Lincoln Highway in most places.

As you travel along the route, you will encounter many historical sites and landmarks. One of the most notable is the Rock Island Railroad Depot in Joliet, Illinois.

This depot was built in 1912 and served as a transportation hub for both passengers and freight. It has since been restored and is now a popular tourist attraction.

Another interesting historical site is the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. This center is dedicated to preserving the history of the U.S. Army and features exhibits on the role of the military in American history.

The Best Places to Stop for Food

As you travel along the Chicago to New York driving route, you will have plenty of opportunities to sample some of the best cuisine in the country. Here are some of the best places to stop for food along the way:

1.

Lou Malnati’s Pizzeria – Chicago, Illinois

If you’re a fan of deep-dish pizza, then you won’t want to miss Lou Malnati’s Pizzeria in Chicago. This iconic pizzeria has been serving up delicious pizza since 1971 and is a must-visit for any pizza lover.

2. The Wagon Wheel – Rockton, Illinois

The Wagon Wheel in Rockton, Illinois is a classic diner that has been serving up comfort food since 1952.

Some of the must-try dishes include the homemade biscuits and gravy and the famous pork tenderloin sandwich. 3.

The Berghoff – Chicago, Illinois

For a taste of Chicago’s German heritage, head to The Berghoff. This historic restaurant has been serving up traditional German dishes since 1898.

Some of the must-try dishes include the schnitzel and the sauerbraten.

4. Straub’s – Wheeling, West Virginia

Straub’s in Wheeling, West Virginia is a family-owned restaurant that has been serving up delicious Italian food since 19

47.

Some of the must-try dishes include the meatballs and spaghetti and the homemade lasagna. 5.

Ye Olde Mill – Lancaster, Pennsylvania

For a sweet treat, head to Ye Olde Mill in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. This historic ice cream parlor has been serving up hand-dipped ice cream since 1929.

Some of the must-try flavors include pumpkin, eggnog, and chocolate peanut butter.

Conclusion

The Chicago to New York driving route is an incredible journey through history and cuisine. From the Lincoln Highway to Interstate 80, this route has played an important role in promoting tourism and commerce.

Along the way, you will encounter many historical sites and landmarks, as well as some of the best food in the country. So pack your bags and hit the road – the adventure awaits!

Part 2: Journeying Safely and Comfortably: Tips and Recommended Routes

Taking long road trips can be incredibly rewarding, but it can also be quite challenging.

To make the most of your journey, it is important to be well-prepared and take safety and comfort into consideration. In this article, we will explore tips for driving safely and comfortably on long road trips, as well as recommended routes for different seasons and weather conditions.

Tips for Driving Safely and Comfortably on Long Road Trips

1. Plan your route and driving schedule in advance.

One of the most important considerations when driving on long road trips is planning. Plan your route and schedule based on your driving experience, skill level, and the number of drivers in your group.

Be sure to include rest stops along the way. 2.

Take breaks to stretch and move around. Long periods of sitting can be uncomfortable and can cause complications like deep vein thrombosis.

It is recommended that you take breaks at least once every two hours to stretch and move around. 3.

Stay hydrated. Dehydration can lead to fatigue and can decrease your alertness when driving.

Drink water regularly and avoid caffeine and alcohol.

4. Bring snacks and food to keep you energized.

Pack snacks and food that are easy to eat while driving. Snacks like trail mix, chips, and jerky can help keep your energy levels up.

5. Make sure your vehicle is in good condition.

A well-maintained vehicle is essential for a safe road trip. Check items like your brakes, tire pressure, oil levels, and headlights before starting your journey.

Recommended Routes for Different Seasons and Weather Conditions

1. Winter: The Pacific Coast Highway, California

The Pacific Coast Highway in California is a must-see route that offers incredible views of the Pacific Ocean.

It is a great option for winter as the weather in California is usually mild during winter. With its winding roads and steep cliffs, this route is best suited for experienced drivers.

2. Spring: Blue Ridge Parkway, North Carolina and Virginia

The Blue Ridge Parkway in North Carolina and Virginia is a picturesque route that is especially beautiful in the spring when the wildflowers are in bloom.

The weather is usually mild, although it can be unpredictable, so be prepared for all conditions. 3.

Summer: Great River Road, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa, Illinois, and Missouri

The Great River Road, which runs through Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa, Illinois, and Missouri, is a great option for summer travel. This route follows the Mississippi River and offers stunning views of the river and surrounding landscapes.

The weather is usually warm and sunny during the summer, although it can also be quite humid.

4. Fall: Kancamagus Highway, New Hampshire

The Kancamagus Highway in New Hampshire is a beautiful route that offers stunning views of fall foliage.

The weather is usually mild and comfortable during the fall, although it can also be chilly. The winding roads and steep inclines make this route best suited for experienced drivers.

Conclusion

Long road trips can be a thrilling adventure, but it is essential to take safety and comfort into consideration. By planning your route and driving schedule in advance, taking breaks to stretch and move around, staying hydrated, bringing snacks, and ensuring that your vehicle is in good condition, you can optimize your road trip experience.

Additionally, by choosing the right route based on the season and weather conditions, you can ensure that you make the most of your journey. Happy travels!

Part 3: The Cost of Driving from Chicago to New York and Recommended Pit Stops

When planning a trip from Chicago to New York, one important consideration is the cost of transportation.

Driving and flying are the most common methods, and both have their advantages and disadvantages. In this article, we will explore the cost of driving from Chicago to New York compared to flying, as well as recommended pit stops for rest and refreshment.

The Cost of Driving from Chicago to New York Compared to Flying

Driving from Chicago to New York can be a cost-effective option, particularly if you are traveling in a group or have a lot of luggage. However, it is important to consider the various expenses involved.

Gasoline is the biggest expense when driving, and it can vary depending on your vehicle and the current price of gas. With the average gas price as of 2021 being around $3 per gallon, and a typical car consumption of 30 miles per gallon, the trip will cost $100 to $120 in gasoline alone.

In addition to gas, you should also factor in tolls and parking fees. Toll fees may vary depending on the route you choose, and long-term parking at the destination may cost upwards of $30 per day.

When it comes to flying, the cost of a round-trip ticket can vary depending on factors such as the airline, time of year, and how far in advance you book. On average, a round-trip ticket from Chicago to New York will cost around $250 to $500, depending on the airline.

However, its worth mentioning that there may be additional expenses, such as baggage fees.

Recommended Pit Stops for Rest and Refreshment

When driving from Chicago to New York, it is important to take breaks to rest and refresh. Here are some recommended pit stops:

1.

Ohio Turnpike Rest Areas Ohio

The Ohio Turnpike has several rest areas with ample parking, restroom facilities, and food options. With numerous gas stations, fast food chains, and several restaurants such as Panera Bread, McDonald’s, and Starbucks to choose, passengers on this journey have numerous choices.

2. Welcome Centers on Pennsylvania Turnpike – Pennsylvania

The Pennsylvania Turnpike has several service plazas equipped with everything you need to freshen up, eat, and refuel.

Along the way, drivers can enjoy a meal at convenience stores such as Starbucks, Burger King, and Sbarro, and load up on snacks at the grocery stores found along the pit stop. 3.

Gibbs Hundred Brewing Co. North Carolina

Located in Greensboro, NC, Gibbs Hundred Brewing Co. is not only a great place to quench your thirst, but it also has a laid-back atmosphere that is perfect for taking a break from driving. The brewery offers tasty craft beer, and its outdoor patio is a great place to stretch your legs and enjoy fresh air.

4. Cooperstown New York

Cooperstown, New York is an excellent place to take a break and enjoy some sightseeing.

The town is home to the National Baseball Hall of Fame, and it features several restaurants, shops, and many other attractions. It is also an excellent place to rest for those opting to continue their trip towards New York City, but another stop could be added somewhere along the way.

Conclusion

Whether you choose to drive or fly from Chicago to New York, its important to consider the costs involved and plan accordingly. While driving can be a cost-effective option, make sure to factor in expenses such as gas, tolls, and parking.

Additionally, taking breaks to rest and refresh is important to ensure that you arrive at your destination safely and comfortably. With a variety of recommended pit stops along the way, you can make your journey from Chicago to New York a fun and memorable one.

Part

4: Historical Landmarks and Famous Personalities on the Chicago to New York Journey

The journey from Chicago to New York is not only a road trip filled with beautiful landscapes and delicious cuisine, but it is also a route that is steeped in history. Along the way, there are numerous historical landmarks to visit and discover, as well as famous personalities who have made the trip between these two iconic cities.

In this article, we will explore the historical landmarks to visit on the way and highlight some famous personalities associated with the Chicago to New York journey.

Historical Landmarks to Visit on the Way

1. The Willis Tower – Chicago, Illinois

Before embarking on your journey from Chicago, make sure to visit the iconic Willis Tower.

Formerly known as the Sears Tower, it was once the tallest building in the world and is an important part of Chicago’s architectural history. Take in the breathtaking views of the city from the Skydeck, located on the 103rd floor.

2. Cuyahoga Valley National Park – Ohio

As you make your way through Ohio, take a detour and visit the Cuyahoga Valley National Park.

This park provides a unique blend of natural beauty and industrial history. Explore the stunning waterfalls, hike along the scenic trails, or take a ride on the Cuyahoga Valley Scenic Railroad, which offers a glimpse into the area’s rich industrial past.

3. Fallingwater – Mill Run, Pennsylvania

Designed by renowned architect Frank Lloyd Wright, Fallingwater is a masterpiece of modern architecture.

Located in rural Pennsylvania, this house is built over a waterfall and is a must-visit for architecture enthusiasts. Take a guided tour to learn about the design principles behind this iconic structure.

4. Gettysburg National Military Park – Pennsylvania

Steeped in Civil War history, Gettysburg National Military Park commemorates the Battle of Gettysburg, a turning point in the American Civil War.

Explore the battlefield, visit the museum and visitor center, and gain a deeper understanding of this significant event in American history.

Famous Personalities Associated with the Chicago to New York Journey

1. Al Capone

Al Capone, the notorious gangster and crime lord of the 1920s, is one of the famous personalities associated with the Chicago to New York journey.

Capone was known for his involvement in organized crime, and it is said that he often traveled between the two cities to manage his criminal operations. 2.

Fredrick Douglass

Fredrick Douglass, an influential abolitionist and social reformer, is another famous personality associated with the Chicago to New York journey. Douglass made the journey multiple times to deliver speeches and engage in activism during the mid-19th century.

He played a crucial role in the fight against slavery and for civil rights. 3.

Frank Sinatra

The legendary singer and actor Frank Sinatra is also associated with the Chicago to New York journey. Sinatra often traveled between the two cities for performances and recordings.

His smooth voice and iconic style made him one of the most influential and beloved entertainers of the 20th century.

4. Amelia Earhart

Amelia Earhart, the pioneering aviator, is known for her solo transatlantic flight, which took her from Harbor Grace, Newfoundland, to Ireland.

While her journey may not align exactly with the Chicago to New York route, her achievements in aviation capture the spirit of adventure and exploration that can be experienced on this road trip.

Conclusion

The journey from Chicago to New York is not just a simple drive; it is an opportunity to explore and learn about the historical landmarks along the way. From the architectural marvels of the Willis Tower and Fallingwater to the historical significance of Gettysburg National Military Park, there is much to discover and appreciate.

Additionally, the famous personalities associated with this journey, such as Al Capone, Fredrick Douglass, Frank Sinatra, and Amelia Earhart, add a layer of intrigue and inspiration to the trip. So, as you embark on your journey, take the time to soak in the history and connect with the stories that have shaped these two iconic cities and the roads that connect them.

Part 5: Scenic Drives, Natural Wonders, and the Effects of COVID-19 on Road Travel between Chicago and New York

The journey from Chicago to New York is not only filled with historical landmarks, delicious cuisine, and famous personalities but also offers stunning scenic drives and opportunities to witness natural wonders. However, it is important to note the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on road travel between these two cities.

In this article, we will explore the scenic drives, natural wonders, and the effects of COVID-19 on road travel between Chicago and New York.

Scenic Drives and Natural Wonders to See Along the Way

1. Lake Michigan Circle Tour – Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, and Wisconsin

A breathtaking scenic drive, the Lake Michigan Circle Tour takes you along the shoreline of Lake Michigan.

Starting in Chicago, you can drive through Indiana, Michigan, and Wisconsin, passing through charming towns, sandy beaches, and picturesque lighthouses. Highlights along the route include Indiana Dunes National Park and Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore in Michigan.

2. Finger Lakes Region – New York

If you have the flexibility to extend your journey towards upstate New York, make sure to visit the Finger Lakes region.

Renowned for its natural beauty and award-winning wineries, this area offers stunning drives along the namesake lakes Cayuga, Seneca, Keuka, and Canandaigua. Be sure to stop by Taughannock Falls State Park, home to one of the tallest waterfalls east of the Rocky Mountains.

3. Watkins Glen State Park – New York

Located in the Finger Lakes region, Watkins Glen State Park is a must-visit natural wonder.

The park features a breathtaking gorge with a series of waterfalls and stunning rock formations. Explore the Gorge Trail, which takes you through towering cliffs and over 19 waterfalls on stone steps and bridges.

4. Niagara Falls – New York

No journey from Chicago to New York would be complete without a visit to the majestic Niagara Falls.

These awe-inspiring waterfalls on the border of the United States and Canada are a sight to behold. Take a boat tour or experience the falls from various viewpoints throughout the area.

The Effects of COVID-19 on Road Travel between Chicago and New York

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on road travel between Chicago and New York. It is important to stay informed about the latest travel guidelines and restrictions to ensure a safe and smooth journey.

Here are some key factors to consider:

1. Travel Restrictions: Throughout the pandemic, travel restrictions have been subject to change.

It is important to monitor the guidelines set by state and local authorities along your route. Check for any quarantine requirements, testing protocols, or restrictions on non-essential travel that may be in place.

2. Safety Precautions: Even if there are no specific travel restrictions, it is important to prioritize safety during your journey.

Follow recommended hygiene practices, such as wearing masks, practicing social distancing, and sanitizing frequently-touched surfaces. Be mindful of any mask mandates or capacity limitations that may be in effect at rest areas, gas stations, and other facilities.

3. Updates on Closures and Attractions: Due to the pandemic, some attractions or visitor centers along your route may be temporarily closed or operating with reduced hours.

Before you embark on your journey, check the websites or contact the relevant attractions to get the most up-to-date information on their availability.

4. Alternative Accommodations: During the pandemic, travelers have become more interested in outdoor activities such as camping or staying in vacation rentals, as they offer greater opportunities for social distancing.

Consider these alternate accommodations as you plan your trip, and make reservations in advance if necessary.

Conclusion

The journey from Chicago to New York not only offers historical landmarks, famous personalities, and delicious cuisine but also provides opportunities to experience breathtaking scenic drives and natural wonders. From the Lake Michigan Circle Tour to Watkins Glen State Park and Niagara Falls, there is no shortage of natural beauty to explore along the way.

However, it is crucial to stay updated on the effects of COVID-19 on road travel, including travel restrictions, safety precautions, and closures of attractions. By planning ahead and staying informed, you can make your journey from Chicago to New York as safe and memorable as possible.

Part 6: Tips for Traveling with Kids or Pets and Top-Rated Hotels along the Chicago to New York Route

Traveling with kids or pets can add an extra layer of complexity to your journey from Chicago to New York. However, with some careful planning and preparation, your trip can be enjoyable and stress-free for the whole family.

In this article, we will provide tips for traveling with kids or pets on this route, as well as highlight top-rated hotels along the way for comfortable overnight stays.

Tips for Traveling with Kids or Pets on this Route

Traveling with Kids:

1. Plan for frequent breaks: Kids have shorter attention spans and need breaks to stretch their legs and burn off some energy.

Plan for frequent stops at parks, playgrounds, or rest areas where they can run around and play. 2.

Pack entertainment: Keep kids entertained during long stretches of driving by bringing a variety of activities such as coloring books, travel-sized board games, and portable electronic devices loaded with their favorite movies or games. 3.

Snacks and drinks: Pack a cooler with healthy snacks and drinks for the journey. Having their favorite snacks readily available can help keep kids happy and avoid frequent stops for food.

4. Bring comfort items: Don’t forget to bring their favorite stuffed animal, blanket, or pillow to create a sense of familiarity and comfort during the trip.

Traveling with Pets:

1. Familiarize them with the car: Before embarking on a long trip, ensure that your pet is comfortable being in the car.

Start with short drives to gradually acclimate them to the experience. 2.

Travel essentials: Pack a crate or carrier, food and water bowls, leash, waste bags, and any necessary medications or comfort items for your pet. Don’t forget to bring their collar with identification tags and make sure they are up to date on vaccinations.

3. Frequent pit stops: Dogs need regular bathroom breaks, so plan for frequent stops at rest areas or parks where your pet can relieve themselves and stretch their legs.

4. Pet-friendly accommodations: Research and book pet-friendly hotels along your route in advance to ensure a comfortable stay for both you and your furry friend.

Look for accommodations that offer pet-friendly amenities such as designated walking areas or nearby parks.

Top-Rated Hotels along the Way for Overnight Stays

1. The Ritz-Carlton, Chicago – Illinois

Located in downtown Chicago, The Ritz-Carlton offers luxury and comfort for your overnight stay.

Amenities include spacious rooms, a fitness center, a spa, and fine dining options. The hotel’s central location allows for easy access to popular attractions in the city.

2. The Henry Autograph Collection – Dearborn, Michigan

The Henry, part of the Autograph Collection, is a stylish and contemporary hotel located near Detroit.

With modern amenities, comfortable rooms, and an on-site restaurant, it provides a convenient and comfortable stay for travelers. 3.

The Inn at Harbor Shores – St. Joseph, Michigan

Situated on Lake Michigan, The Inn at Harbor Shores is a waterfront hotel offering stunning views and upscale amenities. The hotel features a rooftop bar, a spa, a golf course, and direct access to the beach, making it an ideal choice for relaxation and recreation.

4. The Statler Hotel at Cornell University – Ithaca, New York

Located in Ithaca, New York, The Statler Hotel offers elegance and sophistication.

The hotel is part of Cornell University’s School of Hotel Administration and provides guests with luxurious rooms, a fine-dining restaurant, and access to the university’s beautiful campus. 5.

The Plaza Hotel – New York City, New York

For a truly iconic and luxurious experience, The Plaza Hotel in New York City is a top-rated option. This historic hotel offers timeless elegance, world-class service, and a prime location near Central Park and Fifth Avenue.

Conclusion

Traveling with kids or pets on the journey from Chicago to New York requires additional planning and consideration. By following the tips provided, such as planning for frequent breaks, packing entertainment, and bringing comfort items, you can ensure a smooth and enjoyable trip for everyone.

Additionally, choosing top-rated hotels along the way, such as The Ritz-Carlton in Chicago or The Plaza Hotel in New York City, guarantees a comfortable and memorable overnight stay. With careful planning and suitable accommodations, traveling with kids or pets can be an exciting adventure along the Chicago to New York route.

Part 7: The Evolution of Road Infrastructure and Recommended Activities in Small Towns and Cities along the Chicago to New York Route

As you journey from Chicago to New York, you will not only experience the historical landmarks, scenic drives, and natural wonders but also witness the evolution of road infrastructure and find hidden gems in small towns and cities along the way. In this article, we will explore the evolution of road infrastructure along the route over time, as well as recommend activities for short stops in small towns and cities en route.

The Evolution of Road Infrastructure along the Chicago to New York Route

The Chicago to New York route has undergone significant changes in road infrastructure over the years. Initially, it was part of the historic Lincoln Highway, the nation’s first transcontinental highway, which was established in 1913.

The Lincoln Highway played a crucial role in promoting tourism and business between Chicago and New York. In the 1950s, the development of the Interstate Highway System led to the construction of Interstate 80, which largely follows the path of the Lincoln Highway.

This modern interstate provided faster and more efficient travel between the two cities. Over time, the road has witnessed expansion and improvements, including additional lanes, improved rest areas, and enhanced signage.

Today, the Chicago to New York route offers well-maintained and efficient road infrastructure, with a network of interstates and major highways connecting various towns and cities along the way. These advancements have made the journey safer, more convenient, and more accessible to travelers.

Recommended Activities for Short Stops in Small Towns and Cities along the Route

1. South Bend, Indiana

Make a pit stop in South Bend and visit the University of Notre Dame.

Take a campus tour and explore the iconic Notre Dame Stadium, the Basilica of the Sacred Heart, and the Grotto of Our Lady of Lourdes. Don’t forget to indulge in some delicious local cuisine, such as the famous South Bend chocolate or a hearty meal at one of the local eateries near the campus.

2. Akron, Ohio

Known as the “Rubber Capital of the World,” Akron is home to the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company.

Visit the Goodyear World of Rubber Museum to learn about the history of this industry and its impact on the region. Take a stroll along the Ohio & Erie Canal Towpath Trail for scenic views of the canal and the opportunity for outdoor recreation.

3. Allentown, Pennsylvania

Stop in Allentown and explore the charming downtown area.

Visit the Allentown Art Museum to admire its collection of American and European art. If you’re traveling with children, the Da Vinci Science Center offers interactive exhibits and educational programs.

Don’t miss the chance to try some local cuisine, including the famous shoofly pie or a traditional Pennsylvania Dutch meal.

4. Scranton, Pennsylvania

Known for its rich history in coal mining, Scranton offers a variety of attractions.

Explore the Steamtown National Historic Site, which showcases the impact of steam railroads on the Industrial Revolution. Visit the Lackawanna Coal Mine Tour to experience the life of a coal miner.

For fans of the TV show “The Office,” the popular sitcom is set in Scranton, and you can take a self-guided tour of iconic filming locations. 5.

Hudson Valley, New York

As you approach New York, take a detour through the charming towns of the Hudson Valley. Explore the historic village of Sleepy Hollow, known for its connections to Washington Irving’s famous story “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow.” Visit the Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site in Hyde Park, the former home of the Vanderbilt family.

Enjoy the scenic beauty of the Hudson River and explore the vineyards and wineries of the region.

Conclusion

The journey from Chicago to New York not only offers a glimpse into the evolution of road infrastructure but also provides opportunities to discover the unique charm of small towns and cities along the way. From exploring iconic campuses in South Bend to uncovering the industrial history of Akron and indulging in local cuisine in Allentown, Scranton, and the Hudson Valley, there is something for everyone.

Embrace the journey, take short stops, and uncover the hidden gems that make this Chicago to New York route an enriching and memorable experience. Part 8: Comparing Driving, Busing, and Taking the Train between Chicago and New York

When it comes to traveling from Chicago to New York, there are several transportation options to choose from.

Each option has its own advantages and considerations. In this article, we will compare driving, taking a bus, and taking the train between Chicago and New York, considering factors such as cost, convenience, comfort, and environmental impact.

Driving:

Driving offers the flexibility to set your own schedule and make impromptu stops along the way. Here are the key considerations:

1.

Cost: The cost of driving includes factors such as gas, tolls, parking fees, and vehicle maintenance. While gas prices and toll fees can vary, driving may be more cost-effective for individuals or groups, especially if there are multiple passengers sharing expenses.

2. Convenience: Driving allows for greater flexibility in terms of departure and arrival times, as well as the ability to make stops at various points of interest along the way.

It eliminates the need to adhere to fixed schedules or wait for transportation connections. 3.

Comfort: Driving provides the freedom to customize the level of comfort in your vehicle. You can control the temperature, play your own music, and adjust the seating to your liking.

However, long drives can be tiring and may require rest breaks or driver changes.

4. Environmental Impact: Driving relies on personal vehicles, which contribute to carbon emissions and environmental pollution.

However, carpooling or using fuel-efficient v

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